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Bali mostly using Balinese and Indonesian, the majority of Balinese people are bilingual or even Trilingual. English is the third and the main foreign language for the people of Bali who are influenced by the needs of the tourism industry. Bahasa Bali is divided into 2 ie, the language is the language Bali Aga which pronunciation is more rough, and Balinese Mojopahit.yaitu language pronunciation smoother.

Banjar or be referred to as the village is a form of social units based on territorial integrity. Social unity is strengthened by the unity of customs and religious ceremonies. Banjar klian banjar dikepalahi by serving as concerning all matters in the field of social and religious life, but often also have to solve problems that include the customary law of land, and the things that nature of government administration.

People of Bali have been known and developed system of irrigation systems that regulate subak irrigation and planting in the rice fields. And they also are familiar with the architecture of the room layout and building a building resembling Feng Shui. Architecture is an expression of communicative and educative symbol. Balinese also has a traditional weapon of one of the keris. In addition to self-defense, according to the trust if the heirloom kris soaked in water can heal people affected by a poisonous animal bites.

a). Marriage
Withdrawal lineage in Balinese society is patrilineal lead. Caste system strongly influenced the duration of a marriage, because a woman who marries a higher chestnut with chestnut man is not justified lower because there is a deviation, which would shame the family and drop all the prestige of the child's caste women.
In some areas Bali (not all areas), shall also apply customary dowry transfer (petuku luh), but now especially among families learned men, have disappeared.
b). Kinship
Customary settlement after marriage retreat influence of kinship relationships in a society. There are 2 kinds of customs that often act settled the customary retreat is customary virilokal justify newlyweds settled near the center of kin husband's residence, and the custom is customary neolokal determine newlyweds lived alone place the new residence. In Bali there are 3 major clan groups (triwangsa), namely: Brahmin as the leader of the ceremony, the Knights are: group-specific klompok like arya Kepakisan and Jaba is as religious leaders.
c). Community
Village, a community of people living unit bali 2 includes the notion, namely: traditional villages and the village office (administrative). Both are a union territory in connection with any religion or customs, while the village is the unity admistratif service. Traditional village activities focused on the areas of customs and religious ceremonies, while the rural service centers on the administration, governance and development.

E. Livelihoods
Bali society in general the majority of their livelihood farming, on the ground that rainfall is good enough, especially pertenakan cows and pigs as an important business in the rural community in Bali, both land and sea fisheries, which is odd pecaharian eyes, handicraft making handicraft items including woven , sculpture, fabrics, carvings, percetakaan, coffee factories, cigarette factories, etc.. Efforts in this field to provide employment to the population. Since many tourists who visit Bali so it has the hospitality business, travel, crafts shops.

The religion embraced by the majority of Balinese are Hindus about 95%, of the total population of Bali, while the remaining 5% are adherents of Islam, Christianity, Catholicism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. Hinduism life goal is to achieve balance and peace batin.orang live birth and 1 Hindus believe in the existence of God in the form of the concept of Trimurti, namely the form of Brahmin (the creator), the form of Vishnu (the protector and guardian), and the form of Shiva (the destroyer) . Places of worship called a temple retreat. Places where ancestor worship is called prop. Hindu scriptures are the Vedas are originated from India.

People who died in a Hindu ceremony was held sanggat Ngaben deemed essential to free the spirits of people who had died from his worldly ties to heaven. Ngaben itself is a cremation ceremony. The Feast of the people of Hindu religion is the practice in the Nyepi celebrations of new year on 1st pillars of the month 10 (kedasa), but it is also Galungan, brass, saras wati, Tumpek Landep, Tumpek uduh, and Siwa ratri.

Guidelines for the teaching of Hinduism namely: (1). Tattwa (religious philosophy), (2). Ethics (moral), (3). Ceremony (yadnya). There are 5 kinds of retreat ceremony (panca yadnya), namely (1). Yadnya human pregnancy is ceremony into adulthood. (2). Pitra Yadnya addressed the ceremony to the spirits of ancestors. (3). Dewa Yadnya the ceremony held at the temple / shrine family. (4). Rsi yadnya yaituupacara in order of appointment of a clergyman. (5). Bhuta yadnya the ceremony for the spirits of people around the delicate human disturbing.

Cultural arts in Bali on 3 main sections classify the visual arts such as painting, sculpture, arsistektur arts, performing arts such as dance, literary arts, performing arts, music, and art audiovisual arts such as video and film.

Posted by Adith Dith Saturday, October 3, 2009


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